Passivhaus Affiliate

Dalmarnock does it right!

Glasgow’s newest Passivhaus housing development has sprung at Springfield Cross in the city’s east end. The 36-unit Springfield Cross development is the last phase of the 2014 Commonwealth Games Athletes' Village and completes the overall masterplan and showcases Glasgow's commitment to provide high quality affordable homes in the city.

Springfield Cross | Image Credit: PHI

Designed by Robert Potter and Partners, the project was delievered by hub West Scotland, in partnership with West of Scotland Housing Association (WSHA) and CCG and achieved Passivhaus certification in 2022.


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Key stats

  • Construction: Mixed; Concrete blockwork and insulated timber frame with facing brick outer leaf.
  • TFA: 2936 m2 
  • Completed: 2022
  • Certified: Passivhaus Classic, 2022
Springfield Cross | Image credit: PHI



To acheive Passivhus certification, the building envelope of the flatted block was constructed to deliver vastly improved levels of airtightness.  The contractor CCG used their ‘iQ’ Timber System for the wall zones which are designed to have greter depth than a standard wall zone. Triple glazed Passivhaus windows keep out road noise while keeping in heat and providing fine views over the city.

This construction method drastically lowers heat loss so residents will require very little heating to power their homes, delivering significant annualised savings on their energy bills.  Off-site manufacture of the timber frame assisted in maintaining high quality of construction and allowed the airtight layer to be installed off-site in large sheets, reducing the need for airtightness taping on site as well as reducing waste and vehicle movements, thus helping to lower carbon emissions both in construction and on site.

The Passivhaus design means that residents’ energy bills will be significantly reduced. MVHR provides enhanced indoor air quality for improved health. 



Building performance

To further reduce heat loss, insulation was installed underfloor and in the ceiling of each plot ensuring that each home is entirely thermal bridge free, with the exception of unavoidable thermal bridges or cold zones.   To compliment the robust insulation installation, PHT member PAUL Heat Recovery Scotland were responible for the design of the Mechanical Ventilation Heat Recovery (MVHR) system which promotes clean airflow and provides enhanced indoor air quality for improved health.  


Overall U-values

Wall: 0.142 W/(m2K)

Ground floor: 100mm rigid insulation on 100mm concrete blockwork overlain by 50mm Rockwool HP, 50mm cavity and facing brick outer leaf.

Upper floor (levels 1-5): 140mm timber frame with140mm mineral wool insulation faced with 10mm OSB overlain by 50mm Rockwool HP, 50mm cavity and facing brick outer leaf.

Springfield Cross | Image Credit: PHI

Floor: 0.116 W/(m2K)

In-situ concrete slab on 140mm rigid insulation, floating flooring on 70mm rigid insulation

Roof: 0.117 W/(m2K)

Concrete roof tiles on ventilated pitched roof, 450mm mineral wool quilt at ceiling level, plasterboard finish + service zone protecting the airtight layer.

Further information can be found at the International Passivhaus Database listing.

Designed energy performance

  Airtightness (≤ 0.6 ACH @ 50 Pa)

  0.6 @ 50 Pa

  Space Heating Demand (≤ 15 kWh/m².a)

  12 kWh/m².a

  Heating Load (≤ 10 W/m²)

  10 W/m²

  Primary Energy Demand (≤ 120 kWh/m².a)    

  118 kWh/m².a                 


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Key team

  • Architect & Passivhaus Designer: Robert Potter and Partners  
  • Contractor:  CCG (Scotland) Ltd
  • Structural engineer: G3 Consulting Engineers Ltd
  • M&E engineer: RSP Consulting Engineers
  • MVHR Design:  PAUL Heat Recovery Scotland
Springfield Cross | Image credit: Project Scotland


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Further information

Springfield Cross

Passivhaus Social

Passivhaus & Planning

Passivhaus Construction Costs

Passivhaus & zero carbon

How to build a Passivhaus webinar series

Passivhaus Social Housing New build: on-demand

Domestic Building Environmental Standards (Scotland) Bill

Local Passivhaus Policies

11th April 2023

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